Difference between LLP and Partnership
A difference between LLP and Partnership is two different forms of forming a business, through which partnership can be done.
Under the Partnership Firm, each of the partners brings in his own capital and carries an unlimited liability, jointly or solely.
While LLP as the name itself suggests Limited Liability Partnership has the limited liability of the Partners.
The below table illustrates more differences between an LLP and a Partnership
Limited Liability Partnership
A Partnership Firm is an association of two or more persons who have agreed to share the profits of the business, carried on by all or any one of them acting for all.
A Limited Liability Partnership is a partnership in which some or all partners have limited Liabilities
Indian Partnership Act, 1932
The Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008
Created by a contract
Created by law
Partnership registration is done with the Registrar of firms.
LLP registration is done with the Ministry of Corporate Affairs.
It has no perpetual succession as this depends upon the will of its partners
It has perpetual succession the partners can come and go as per their will.
Not a separate legal entity
Separate legal entity
Personally liable for unlimited amount liabilities of the partnership.
The liability of the partners is limited to the liability of the amount invested or capital bought.
Numbers of partners
Minimum of 2 and maximum of 50.
Minimum of 2 and maximum unlimited.
A minor can be the partner
A minor cannot be a partner
It cannot enter into a contract in its name.
It can sue and be sued in its name.
Name of the firm
Name must include LLP as the suffix
Agreement between the partners
Partnership Deed denotes the operational rights and duties of the partners.
LLP Agreement is a charter of the LLP that denotes its scope of operation and rights and duties of the partners under the LLP
There is no common seal in the Partnership Firm
It has its own common seal, and signature that depends on the terms and conditions in the LLP Agreement
Only the partners of the firm can sue
It is a legal entity that can sue and be sued
Audit of accounts
Mandatory, when the turnover and the paid-up capital exceed 40 lakhs and 25 lakhs.
No compulsory to file the annual return
Compulsory to file the annual returns of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs.
Partners are the agents of the firm and other partners
Partners are the agents of LLP only and not for other partners.
Ownership of Assets
Partners have joint ownership, of all the assets belonging to the partnership firm.
The LLP is independent of the partners of the ownership of assets.
Income of the partnership is taxed at 30% + education cess.
Income of the LLP is taxed at 30% + education cess.
Director Identification Number
The partners need not obtain any DIN (Director Identification Number)
Each partner has to obtain DPIN before being a registered partner.
Inheritance of Rights
In the death of a partner
Shares of the Partnership firm can easily be transferred to another person obtaining consent from all the partners.
The legal heirs receive the Transfer of shares and accumulated profit if the legal heirs do not become a partner
Shares of LLP can easily be transferred to another person after obtaining consent from all other partners of LLP.
Regulations are governed by the terms of the LLP Agreement
The legal heirs cannot become a partner but can receive transfers of shares and profits.
Admission of a partner
A partner can be admitted with the consent of all partners as per the partnership agreement
A partner can be admitted with the consent of other partners as per the LLP agreement.
By agreement, mutual consent, insolvency, or fraudulent acts or by court order
Voluntary or by order of the National company law tribunal
Depends upon the number of partners and the norms and conditions of the deed
Shall be decided as per the needs of the terms of the agreement
Body corporate cannot become a partner
Body corporate can become its partner.